Petr Konovalov

China and Latin America: Washington is Losing Ground

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The global Sino-American confrontation that has unfolded in recent years affects all spheres of the world economy and all regions. China stubbornly squeezes the United States in every area, including its traditional sphere of influence in Latin America. At the moment, the United States is the leading trading partner of Latin American countries…

Belt and Road: How Laos Exemplifies Preconditions for Global Success

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More than eight years ago, in September 2013, Chinese leader Xi Jinping announced the launch of China’s global transport initiative, One Belt One Road (OBOR). The project implies the unification of all major world transport routes into a single system and removing all economic and political barriers to the free circulation of goods…

USA-South Korean Military Cooperation and the Sino-US Standoff

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As the year 2021 comes to a close, the global Sino-American conflict continues, which could radically change our attitude as to how we see the world today. Media reports on the current events do not often mention one of its important world players, the Republic of Korea (or South Korea). After all, most people associate this country…

Japan’s Energy Policy and its Significance for Russia

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Just as decades ago, coal remains a strategically important fuel for the world. Despite the constant talk of greenhouse gas emissions and the complete phase-out of coal, the disappearance of this fuel from the market would lead to the collapse of the global economy. It is quite natural that the world’s four major coal consumers, China, India, the USA, and Japan are among…

Russia’s Coal Export to India and its Connection to Eurasian Integration

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When the mass withdrawal of coal use in countries following green policies began, many experts predicted that this fuel would soon be forgotten entirely. Its extraction and exports would cease to be profitable for the countries implementing them. Even then, it seemed unlikely because “developed” countries such as all Western countries…

Russian Coal and its Chinese Prospects

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China is the world’s biggest coal consumer. About 50% of all coal burnt on our planet is burnt in China. Although China is also the world’s leading coal producer, it needs to be its main importer as well. Meanwhile China is worried by environmental issues. Chinese industry meets the needs not only of its own country, but also of all those countries that, first for the sake of cheap labor…

What Does the Future Hold for the Russian Language in Syria?

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Back in the days of the Soviet Union, Russian-Syrian relations were quite cordial. Having established diplomatic contacts with Syria in 1944, the USSR became one of the main initiators of the country’s independence from France. Through the efforts of Soviet diplomats, Syria became a sovereign state in 1946. In 1980, representatives of the Syrian Arab Republic…

Pakistan and the New Afghan Government

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The withdrawal of US troops from Afghanistan in August 2021 led to the country falling under the control of the Islamist movement Taliban (banned in RussiaDahJTkfw. The fall of the previous Afghan government caused deep concern for all the countries that share a border with Afghanistan. Pakistan is worried about the recent events in Afghanistan, because in Pakistani society…

Russian-Indonesian Relations Grow Stronger Amid Geopolitical Instability

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Indonesia, a country of 270 million people and ASEAN’s largest economy, is actively involved in the affairs of Southeast Asia and seeks to maintain peace, stability and economic development in the region for its own security and to accelerate its economic growth. For its part, the Russian Federation, whose foreign policy objectives…

How Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan View the Change of Power in Afghanistan

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It is well known than the majority of the population in Afghanistan are Pashtuns: according to rough estimates, about 45% of the country’s 40 million people are Pashtuns. Pashtuns play a leading role in the social and political life of the state, and this ethnic group is predominantly a member of the Islamist terrorist movement…

Tajikistan Fortifies Its Borders in the Face of Instability in Afghanistan

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Today, the Islamist terrorist movement Taliban (banned in RussiaDahJTkfw completely controls the Afghan side of the border between Afghanistan and Tajikistan. The government of Tajikistan, a small Central Asian country with a population of 9 million, has every reason to worry about peace and security in its borders…

Why has China Revised its Demographic Policy?

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China has faced demographic problems for several decades now. For a long time, the Chinese authorities have been forced to take various large-scale and costly measures to regulate the birth rate in accordance with the needs of the state at the time. In 1979, when the birth rate was recognized dangerously high, the government launched the “One family…


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