Petr Konovalov

Russian Coal and its Chinese Prospects

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China is the world’s biggest coal consumer. About 50% of all coal burnt on our planet is burnt in China. Although China is also the world’s leading coal producer, it needs to be its main importer as well. Meanwhile China is worried by environmental issues. Chinese industry meets the needs not only of its own country, but also of all those countries that, first for the sake of cheap labor…

What Does the Future Hold for the Russian Language in Syria?

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Back in the days of the Soviet Union, Russian-Syrian relations were quite cordial. Having established diplomatic contacts with Syria in 1944, the USSR became one of the main initiators of the country’s independence from France. Through the efforts of Soviet diplomats, Syria became a sovereign state in 1946. In 1980, representatives of the Syrian Arab Republic…

Pakistan and the New Afghan Government

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The withdrawal of US troops from Afghanistan in August 2021 led to the country falling under the control of the Islamist movement Taliban (banned in Russia). The fall of the previous Afghan government caused deep concern for all the countries that share a border with Afghanistan. Pakistan is worried about the recent events in Afghanistan, because in Pakistani society…

Russian-Indonesian Relations Grow Stronger Amid Geopolitical Instability

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Indonesia, a country of 270 million people and ASEAN’s largest economy, is actively involved in the affairs of Southeast Asia and seeks to maintain peace, stability and economic development in the region for its own security and to accelerate its economic growth. For its part, the Russian Federation, whose foreign policy objectives…

How Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan View the Change of Power in Afghanistan

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It is well known than the majority of the population in Afghanistan are Pashtuns: according to rough estimates, about 45% of the country’s 40 million people are Pashtuns. Pashtuns play a leading role in the social and political life of the state, and this ethnic group is predominantly a member of the Islamist terrorist movement…

Tajikistan Fortifies Its Borders in the Face of Instability in Afghanistan

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Today, the Islamist terrorist movement Taliban (banned in Russia) completely controls the Afghan side of the border between Afghanistan and Tajikistan. The government of Tajikistan, a small Central Asian country with a population of 9 million, has every reason to worry about peace and security in its borders…

Why has China Revised its Demographic Policy?

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China has faced demographic problems for several decades now. For a long time, the Chinese authorities have been forced to take various large-scale and costly measures to regulate the birth rate in accordance with the needs of the state at the time. In 1979, when the birth rate was recognized dangerously high, the government launched the “One family…

How Beijing Helps Tehran

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Ibrahim Raisi, winner of the presidential election in the Islamic Republic of Iran this year, with his team, expects to increase cooperation with the People’s Republic of China (PRC) in the next few years. The Iranian leadership has long been attaching great importance to its dialogue with China and has done everything in its power to strengthen diplomatic relations between the two states…

Religious Сonflicts in India – Past, Present and Future

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Popular unrest arising from religious differences has become increasingly commonplace in India over the last few decades. The proportion of Muslims in the country, which was recorded as 14.25% in the 2011 census, is increasing year by year, and the government, dominated by Hindus, is unwilling to face up to this reality. How long has this conflict between Hindus and Muslims…

Can Russia Feed China?

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At the beginning of 2021 the Chinese Embassy in Russia conducted a survey to determine which Russia-made goods are most in demand among those Chinese citizens living in or traveling in Russia. It turned out that the Chinese were most fond of Russian honey, milk and chocolate. Many of the respondents said that they would like to see more Russian products on shop shelves in China. Most of those surveyed…

How Strong are Russia’s Ties with Mongolia?

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2021 will mark the centenary of Russia’s diplomatic relations with Mongolia. How have links between these two countries developed over the past century? And what is the present status of the partnership between the two nations? What future is there for cooperation between Russia and Mongolia? For many centuries, Mongolia was part of China. In the first half of…

What Will Sudan Gain from having a Russia Naval Base?

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On July 1, 2021, the Russian Federation President Vladimir Putin submitted an agreement with the Republic of the Sudan to the State Duma for ratification to set up a logistics center in its territory for the Russian Navy. How long have negotiations been going on between the two countries on having Sudan accommodate a Russian military facility? Which states…


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